connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-

Lived and wrote during the period of political transition from Shii Buwayhids to Sunni Seljuks, which brought into question the type of leadership appropriate for Muslim communities. Thank You for Your Contribution! In the first case some scholars say the Imam must be elected by all the members of the Electoral College in all the cities. About What’s New Log in.

Thirdly, if there is change in this ideology either willingly or under the influence of a foreign body. Imam mau be deposed if: His theory of election dealing only with the appointment of the Caliph is wholly undemocratic. Mawardi enumerates the qualities of good ministers as: When all hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life.

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Sherwani says that Al-Mawardi bases his arguments by the precedent of the choice of Abu Bakr by election and that of Usman by nomination. The state should have active military forces and these forces should have qualities,attitude with his juniors, behavior with the prisoners of war and attitude with his enemies.

The department of provincial control is to supervise fuctions of the provincial governments. Al-Mawardi is of the view that the nomination of a person as heir apparent becomes effective only when he declares his consent to it.


Maeardi is the highest leader fully obeyed and supported by the people of his state. Conceded the possibility of having more than one executive organ of political power, but insisted on the unity of ummah and on the symbolic unity of the office of caliph.


He does not elaborate a detailed theory of rebellion, nor a the fundamental rights of man. His important functions are: H the Prophet and the main duties of the Caliph are the safeguard of religion from all destructive propaganda and innovations and the proper organization of general polity.

The Wazarat of Delegation: And not only traditions of the Prophet P. Ibn Qutaibah, op, cit. Slave, even if they are free, are not allowed. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. This practice of appointing two or more heirs-apparent proved to be the greatest political evil in Muslim polity.

Al-Mawardi – Wikipedia

Mawarrdi is significant to note that mawagdi hardly quotes anywhere any of these jurists, but since he was the greatest judge of Baghdad, his declaration in the preface was taken as sufficient guarantee of his veracity.

Al-Mawardi is of the view that imam is must because to maintain justice in the state and to differentiate good and bad. To al-Mawardi moral degradation secondly if he becomes interested in worldly affairs. Important branches of government are: The Army Board 2. A judge should have the qualities: It was the clear infringement of this covenant that eventually led to the assassinations of Hazrat Usman R.

He had already before him the precedent of the Umayyads. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Even Abu Bakr could not devise the theoretical foundations of the Caliphate, for during the last moments of his life he said that the one great regret he had was that he could not ask the Prophet to enlighten him on three problems.

He is of the opinion that after the imam and misters, qaza is a very important branch of government. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. He says that the Imam loses his title and authority on account of one of the following reasons:. If there occurs a change in the person of the Imam. It is quite obvious that Abu Bakr did not deprive the people of their democratic right to elect the ao of the State freely.


In a passage, al-Mawardi says that in case the usurper shows an uncompromising and rebellious attitude, the Caliph can call in the help of one who can relieve him of the straits. It is the duty of the judge to protect such properties. He must also be a descendant of the Quraish.

Other jurists and scholars are of the opinion that election must be held if there is only one candidate for it, for otherwise the Imam cannot acquires legal status. Select Translation Selections include: He cannot interfere in the affairs like appointment of the governors and in military expeditions.

Even in thheory ancient and medieval tribal and monarchical systems it was recognized that if the monarch ruled with tyranny and inequity, the people had a right to oplitical him and choose a new leader in his place.

In certain cases when the loss of organs renders a person helpless and makes him incapable of doing anything, he can neither be elected as Imam nor can he continue in that office.

He may be deposed if he becomes morally degraded and his immoral acts are dangerous for the collectible interests. He says if one or all of the above conditions are there and the Muslims are still silent, so, one should imagine that their faith has weakened to a large. So also an Imam cannot be deposed until a similar change occurs in him. The people can set up any form of the government conforming to the above two principles and with the exigencies of time and environment.

His Ordinances of Government became an influential statement of Muslim political theory. A coward or weak person is never in position to fight with social and political evils and events.

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