transmitting other pathogens between plants. Cassytha filiformis L. is a leafless, climbing, twining, vine-like, autoparasitic and plant-hyperparasitic phanero-. C. filiformis is a parasitic vine with a pan-tropical distribution (GBIF, ). It is primarily a plant of coastal areas, where it may become. Cassytha filiformis L. (Lauraceae), a medicinal plant is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, African trypanosomiasis and many other related diseases.

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On the Chagos islands, damage to the shore-line plant Scaevola taccada may increase coastal erosion Whistler, ; Chagos Conservation Trust, Poisonous Plants of Southern Florida.

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. In Africa it is used to treat cancer, African trypanosomiasis and other diseases Hoet et al.

Cassytha filiformis – Useful Tropical Plants

College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Inflorescence an axillary spike 1—6 cm long, usually solitary, 3—flowered; peduncle 1—3 cm long; bracts and bracteoles c. It may also be controlled by sheep grazing Garden Guy Hawaii, Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Planta Medica, 70 5: Forest Pest and Disease, No.

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Cassytha filiformis

David Eickhoff Creative Commons Attribution 2. Social Impact Top of page C.

Wikimedia Commons has media cassyta to Cassytha filiformis. Series B, Botany, 38 2: The biology of parasitic flowering plants. Damage to Pinus massoniana caused by a parasitic seed-plant, Cassytha filiformis. Seedling morphology of Cassytha filiformis L.

Seedlings can then survive for up to 8 cassyfha without a host, growing to a length of 30 cm or more, presumably relying mainly on the seed reserves Nelson, Lauraceaea parasitic weed from Lahore, Pakistan. Two cataphylls produced before the first true leaves.

The species has a native pantropical distribution encompassing the AmericasIndomalayaAustralasiaPolynesia and tropical Africa [2] [3] In the Caribbean region, it is one of several plants known as “Love vine” because it giliformis a reputation as an aphrodisiac. Heavy infestations of C. Octoeine and a number of other compounds in C.

The fruits sink in fresh water but float in salt water Werth et al. The genus Cassytha has sometimes been ascribed to its own family Cassythaceae, but is now generally accepted as the sole parasitic genus in the Lauraceae, with about 17 species recognized, most of which are restricted to Australia.


Biological Control No attempts at biological control have been reported. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. The whole plant, but especially the stem, contains a series of alkaloids, tannins, saponins and leucanthocyanins.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cassytha filiformis

A slender, multistemmedparasitic vine not exceeding a stem diameter of 2 cm. It has been known by a large number of synonyms but none of these are in current use.

The plant also scrambles over the ground, clogging pathways Photograph by: Some sources suggest that there is phloem connection between C. Close-up of filifor,is flowers Photograph by: Missouri Botanical Garden, Plant Disease Leaflet PD Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, Kokubugata G, Yokota M,

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