Scientific Name, Epinotia aporema [TAX]. Lineage, cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Opisthokonta; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Protostomia;. Epinotia aporema granulovirus (EpapGV) is a fast killing betabaculovirus that infects the bean shoot borer (E. aporema) and is a promising. A granulovirus (GV) isolated from Epinotia aporema (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)—a major soybean pest—was studied in terms of its main.

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Characterization of a granulovirus isolated from Epinotia aporema Wals. Response of males in olfactometer.

Identical glass tubes were attached to each of the test arms, one holding a single virgin female in calling posture days old and the other empty to serve as control arms were alternated between tests. In Uruguay, for example, the cultivated area has expanded fold during the periodcausing a fold increase in the use of insecticides such as endosulphan and chlorpyrifos Ferrari In the case of C. The behavioural sequence observed during courtship was not unusual for a moth. Joaquin Baixeras Almela, Universitat de Valencia.

Multiplex PCR and quality control of Epinotia aporema granulovirus production.

Detection and kinetic analysis of Epinotia aporema granulovirus in its lepidopteran host by real-time PCR. The Brazilian culture was obtained from individuals collected in Fazenda Rio Grande Parana and the Uruguayan insects were originally collected in La Estanzuela Colonia.

Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p. While apkrema related tortricids, P. Later instars may tunnel into stems, floral buds, and pods. Pupation occurs in the soil or in rolled leaves. New York, Academic Press, p. Temporal pattern of female calling and mating.

We also provide evidence that this tortricid is monoandrous, and that pheromones are used in intersexual communication for mate finding.


Knight Epijotia L Multiple mating of male and female codling moth Lepidoptera: Epinotia aporema granulovirus EpapGV is a baculovirus that affects E. Gilligan and Marc E. This underlines the importance of an adequate monitoring system for this species, currently performed by direct observation of the cryptic larvae. N Z Plant Protect Crocidosema aporema is distributed throughout Central and South America. No einotia behaviour was observed when the males reached the mesh that separated the olfactometer from the tube holding the calling female.

Virgin adults were obtained by separating male and female pupae. The first choice of males in the olfactometer tests was analyzed by the Chi-square test, and the number of entrances to eplnotia arm by the Student’s t-test for paired samples.

Multiplex PCR and quality control of Epinotia aporema granulovirus production.

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Female genitalia are characterized by a pair of rounded pockets on sternum VII and a large rounded corpus bursae with two signa. An Soc Entomol Brasil Biology Crocidosema aporema completes generations per year, with at least two generations occuring on soybean. No pulsation of the gland or obvious wing fluttering was observed. Considering the number of entrances to the calling female and control arms, the males preferred the former, entering an average of 3.

Tortricidae in La Plata, Argentina. Epinotia aporema Walsingham is a Neotropical pest of legumes in southern South America. An immunochemical method for quantitation of Epinotia aporema granulovirus EpapGV. Bol Univ Repub Fac Agron For instance, species with a delay in the onset of reproductive behaviour may need to migrate prior to mating in response to habitat deterioration McNeil et al Effects of different host-plant species on growth, development and feeding of the bud borer, Epinotia aporema Lepidoptera: Finally, it is noteworthy that these studies were conducted independently with two populations from distant locations.


Adults can be present year-round and are most common between April and November in South America. Use of Zoophthora radicans Brefeld Batko Zygomicotina: Alzugaray R, Ribeiro A Insectos en pasturas, p.

Engaging in reproduction as early as possible is likely to be advantageous for moths with short adult lives such as C. Genome of Epinotia aporema granulovirus EpapGVa polyorganotropic fast killing betabaculovirus with a novel thymidylate kinase gene.

Epinotia aporema

Courtship and mating were observed under red light, throughout the hour scotophase, during seven consecutive nights. Knight A L Sexual epintia and mating disruption of orange tortrix, Argyrotaenia citrana Lepidoptera: Females were kept individually throughout aaporema experiment in covered, transparent plastic containers 10 cm high, 7 cm diameter.

J Entomol Soc British Columbia Revista Chilena de Historia Natural. Our data will be used to optimize the collection of female sex pheromones for chemical characterization in order to develop a monitoring tool for this pest. In soybean, the larvae feed on vegetative plant parts affecting the normal growth of the plant. It is also epintia present in southern Mexico most recent records are from Chiapas in and the Caribbean. Our results describe for the fi rst time the temporal pattern associated to the reproductive behaviour of C.

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